A urological surgeon or urologist is surgical specialist for the diseases of the urinary tract and male reproductive system.
Organs that urologist look after include the
kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, bladder, prostate, urethra, penis and
that may occur include malignant growths (cancer), benign growths
(non-cancerous), infection, urinary stone disease,
bleeding and obstruction of the urinary tract.
The urinary tract starts at the kidneys where urine is produced from the filtration of blood. Toxic waste excretion, body fluid and electrolyte control as well as production of hormones related to bone health and red blood cell production occur in the kidneys. The urine flows into the collecting basin of the kidney called the renal pelvis before entering a long narrow tube called the ureter. This enters the bladder in the pelvis where urine is stored. Once the bladder is full, it contracts and empties the urine via the urethra. In men, the urethra goes through the middle of a gland under the bladder called the prostate. When the prostate is enlarged, it can obstruct the urethra and cause slow flow of urine.